Ruch ewangelii społecznej w recepcji myśli Washingtona Gladdena wobec przemian społecznych w Stanach Zjednoczonych Ameryki na przełomie XIX i XX wieku



Słowa kluczowe:

social gospel, liberal Protestantism, Christianity, practical theology, congre¬gationalism


The article is devoted to Washington Gladden, one of the leading figures of lib­eral Protestantism – a religious movement that developed at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries in the United States. The times in which Gladden lived were a period of changes taking place in American society, such as capitalist social relations, centralizing banking sector, and developing industry. As a pastor, he also faced these changes as a journalist, leader of the social gospel movement, and creator of liberal Protestantism. Through his sermons, articles, books, and specific charitable and social activities, he aimed to real­ize the Kingdom of God on earth. The article an-swers questions such as how Gladden understood the church, how he imagined Christianity, and how he created liberal Prot­estantism. It also explores how the movement functioned and what content it conveyed.