Kwakierskie korzenie brytyjskiej antropologii społecznej



Słowa kluczowe:

Quakers, Quakerism, abolitionism, history of British anthropology, ethno¬logy


The article discusses the Quaker contribution to the rise of British social an­thropology. In the first half of the 19th century, Quakers were at the forefront of reform movements, advocating for the prohibition of the slave trade, the abolition of slavery, and the protection of the rights of in-digenous people in colonies. From their religious and moral beliefs, an interest in the cultures of indigenous peoples emerged, leading to pioneering research. Prominent Quaker figures, such as Thomas Hodgkin, James Cowles Prichard, and Edward Burnett Tylor, established institutions such as the Aborigines Pro­tection Society, the Ethnological Society of London, and the Anthro-pological Institute (now the Royal Anthropological Institute), to carry out their humanitarian and scientific mission. Their contributions were crucial in shaping the scientific foundations of an-thro­pology and establishing the theory of social evolution as its theoretical basis.