Chrześcijaństwo stosowane. Dwie ewangelie amerykańskiego kapitalizmu



Słowa kluczowe:

American Protestantism, labour relations, business ethics, Gospel of Wealth, Social Gospel


The purpose of this article is to explore the religious roots of modern ethical reflection on the economy. The starting point is the well-known debate between Weber and Tawney regarding the Protestant work ethic and the rise of capitalism. According to the author, it is necessary to trace the subsequent development of this ethic, particularly in the United States, as it was a final destination for Protestant migrants who embodied the spirit of capitalism. This ultimately resulted in a different form of this spirit than what was initially proposed by Max Weber and Richard Tawney, due to the transformation of American Reformed Protestantism. The Gospel of Wealth and the Social Gospel not only revealed a different side of American capitalism at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, but also remain relevant in present-day discussions on the ethical aspects of the economy and business administration.